Article Brief 4 – Morocco’s Struggle in Agriculture

Morocco’s Struggle in Agriculture

The majority of African countries, including Morocco, depend heavily on agriculture as a source of income. Through statistics of over 20 years, it is also seen that the weight of agriculture on GDP for Morocco is higher than that of other European or Asian countries. In fact, 65% of Africa’s labor force is employed in the agriculture sector and for these countries agriculture accounts for 32% of their GDP.

Climate is undoubtedly Africa’s biggest enemy in terms of its negative affect on agriculture. Over the years, harsh climate has caused Morocco to float between 15% of GDP in comparison to an average of 32% for other African countries. The severity of climate change is illustrated with Egypt’s projected 15% loss in wheat production by only a 2 degrees Celsius change. Though more than half of the GDP depends on services, Morocco’s agriculture is in danger. Lahouari Bounoua claims that the agricultural performance has improved, but the recorded amount is still not enough to satisfy demand. The issue with agriculture most definitely does not reduce hunger and prevents maintaining a sustainable level of food security.

Expected rich rainfall has launched a massive agricultural project in Morocco. Arguably suffering and unable to reach its potential gain from agriculture, Morocco aims to hit a record of 11 million tons of cereal harvest this year.gdp-composition-breakdown

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The display above shows how much of the country’s land is solely dedicated to agriculture; yet, still the potential gain is not met. Now why is that and what is has to be done? As briefly mentioned earlier, the climate and more specifically little rainfall and temperature change has really disabled crops to grow. Weather, I think we can all agree, cannot be controlled to favor and benefit a certain area. Agriculture Minister Aziz Akhannouch has however, supplied more than 250,000 crops with drip irrigation systems and is planting 13 million fruit trees. Though these numbers may not be great ones at the moment, if the project may continue, it may result in great positive changes for the Moroccan economy.

By 2030, the projected figures for Morocco’s agriculture sector is not very bright. The climate is to go worse and temperatures are to increase as they have never before. It is absolutely crucial to make this project successful because otherwise, Morocco will also lose their 15% agriculture portion on GDP. World Hunger is also affecting Africa the most. Africa has the greatest number of malnourished people and also has a very fast growing population along with very few resources. It is absolutely crucial that the country copes with this.

Works Cited:

“Morocco’s Cereal Harvest Reaches Record 11 Million Tons.” Morocco World News RSS. N.p., 12 May 2015. Web. 18 May 2015. <http://www.moroccoworldnews.com/2015/05/158283/moroccos-cereal-harvest-reaches-record-11-million-tons/>.
“Comment: Climate Change Is Hitting African Farmers the Hardest of All.”SBS. SBS, n.d. Web. 18 May 2015. <http%3A%2F%2Fwww.sbs.com.au%2Fnews%2Farticle%2F2015%2F05%2F12%2Fcomment-climate-change-hitting-african-farmers-hardest-all>.
Categories: Economics

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